A large part of success in turkey hunting is determined by your ability to call your prey. Since sneaking up on turkeys is out of the question and stalking them as you would another kind of animal is too difficult, you need to call the turkeys in to you. Of course, not all turkey calls are created equal. There are certain kinds of calls that are right for certain kinds of situations and figuring out which call you need to make when will make all the difference in the world when it comes to getting your turkey. The six basic turkey calls listen here will work for a number of different scenarios.
One of the most basic turkey calls is one that is intended to sound like a female turkey, or a hen, yelping. To yelp like a hen, you need to make a series of high pitched - almost screech like - noises in short, frequent bursts. The hen uses this yelp in a number of different ways to mean a number of different things, but all you need to worry about is the fact that this yelp alerts the male turkeys that a hen is in the area, drawing them in - which of course means they are coming in closer to you.
Another kind of hen inspired call is known as the call of the excited hen. This cal is similar to yelping, but it is louder and more urgent. Although the call is still made up of single notes, instead of doing the notes in series, you should do them erratically. This is the call that hens used to call out when they are alone and are looking for other turkeys for company, so repeating this call yourself can draw a bird to come and find you.
The next important call to know is not one that you should try to emulate, but it is one you should definitely know the sound of. This call is known as the putt, and it is a kind of turkey warning system. A putt is one, sharp note that announces danger to other turkeys in the area. In other words, if you hear a putt, there is a chance that you have been made and that the turkey is warning all of the other turkeys in the area to scatter. If you hear the putt once, you may be able to save the day by being very still and letting things calm down, but if you hear several putts, the jig is up for awhile.
If you are lucky enough to get a turkey to come close to you thanks to one of the hen calls, you can keep him calm by copying turkey purring. This soft call is not unlike the rolling, reverberating sound of a cats purr, but it is done slightly louder. Purrs signal satisfaction for turkeys, and hearing the purr will soothe your prey.
Using the purr requires the turkey to be relatively close to you, but if the turkey is not quite within earshot of a normal purr, you can still send out this comforting message by using the purr and cluck call. The purr and cluck is a louder version of the purr that is accentuated by occasional clucks. The cluck should start the call, then the purr, and so on, with the clucks coming sporadically.
Last but not least is the sound everyone associates with turkeys - the gobble. Male turkeys are the ones who gobble (hence the nickname gobblers), so this call is most effectively used in the fall, when the males are less interested in trying to mate with a hen and instead are traveling in packs of gobblers.